In India Char Math is considered to be as most popular Hindu pilgrimage circuit, these are the true abodes of Gods and Goddesses. Char Math, as Char Dhaam are located in the four directions. The Math / Peeth are stated to represent Indian culture and Vedas, in their true spirit.
Shankaracharya established four Math / Peeth, at four directions of the country.
When Sanatana Dharm went through a down phase, after Buddhism and Jainism, Shankaracharya appeared! Born in Kerala, at the mere age of six, ADI Shankara travelled throughout the country from East to West and North to South and established the prominence of Vedic Sanatana Dharma again. He travelled to propagate his philosophical ideas and beliefs through discourses, with other thinkers. Shankaracharya is credited with unifying and constructing the significant currents of thought in Hinduism.
It’s not hyperbolic to assert that these Char Math are the foundation pillars of Hinduism. These Char Math are believed to be dedicated to the four Vedas. In order to understand the unifying tradition of Hinduism, it becomes significant to know much about the Math in the country.
With establishing the Math, Shankaracharya appointed Mathadheesh [Chief of the Math], who is stated to be Shankaracharya themselves later. This is the prime cause, the chief of Char Math are called as Shankaracharya .
These Math are counted as the centre’s of research on Vedas and Gyan [Knowledge] in India.
Adi Shankaracharya , was an early Indian philosopher and theologian. He was being honoured as Jagadguru, who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. Born in Kaladi village [currently Kerala, India], he passed away at the mere age of 32 but advocated for appropriate modifications in the religion of the time. He mainstreamed various beliefs and ideas, after being modified, on the basis of intellectual discourses and debates. He strengthened the philosophical aspects of Hinduism, by re-establishing the Advaita Chintan [Thought].
Adi Shankaracharya says that Brahman alone is real- the only unchanging entity, while changing entities don’t have absolute existence.
“I’m Consciousness. I’m Bliss, I’m Shiva, I’m Shiva.”
He has led to the historical development, revival, and spread of Advaita Vedanta through the foundation of four Math. for this reason, he is known as the greatest revivalist.
These Char Math can be called a boon for our country, which are promoting and spreading the ancient Vedic traditions hitherto. These are looked at, as the prime centre’s, where the Guru – Shishya tradition is still followed and practised. All the four Math promote four Vedas and have a specific Maha – Vakya [Great Saying].
Char Math Of India –
It’s located in the East in the coastal city of Puri [Odisha] and associated with the Lord Jagannath Temple.
It’s dedicated to Rigveda. The Sanyasi getting Diksha [education] at Govardhan Math, use Aranya adjective with their names.
Maha – Vakya of this Math is Pragyanam Braham.
First Mathadheesh of this Math was Padmapaad, the First student of Shankaracharya.
It’s located in the West in Dwarka Dhaam [Gujrat].
It’s dedicated to Samveda.
The Sanyasi getting Diksha [education] at Sharda Math, use Teerth and Ashram adjective with their names.
Maha – Vakya [Great Saying] of this Math is Tatwamasi.
First Mathadheesh of this Math was Hastamalak Prithvi Dhar.
He was one of four main students of Shankaracharya.
It’s located in the North at Badrika Ashram [Uttarakhand].
It’s dedicated to Atharv Veda.
The Sanyasi getting Diksha [education] at Jyotir Math, use Giri, Parbat and Saagar adjective with their names.
Maha – Vakya of this Math is Ayamaatma Brahma.
First Mathadheesh of this Math was Acharya Totak.
It’s located in the South at Chikmangloor [Karnataka].
It’s dedicated to Yajur Veda.
The Sanyasi getting Diksha [education] at Shringeri Math , use Saraswati, Bharti, and Puri adjective with their names.
Maha – Vakya of this Math is Aham Brahamsmi.
First Mathadheesh of this Math was Acharya Sureshwar.